Women in the South did not have to leave their homes to reach the front. The war, fought in large part in the Confederacy, confronted many right on their own doorsteps. An estimated 1, southern women nursed in hospitals.
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Countless others nursed the sick and wounded who marched through their regions. They faced overwhelming difficulties because of the lack of organized relief efforts in the South and an ill-equipped Confederate government. Freed slave women and children also followed Union armies and lived on the outskirts of camp.
Some obtained employment as nurses, cooks, laundresses and personal servants to white officers. The Union army also moved many African-American women onto nearby plantations to raise cotton for the northern government to sell.
Women spies often proved paramount to the development of battle strategy because they supplied information on troop movement, size and supplies, and the placement and strength of fortifications. Women sometimes traveled with information hidden in their clothing while others disguised themselves to facilitate their travel or to obtain information. When captured, they were treated as criminals rather than prisoners of war. Successful Civil War nursing and relief work led to an increasing number of paid positions for women in these fields in the postwar period and to the opening of the first nursing schools for women in If you wish to register a Servicewoman please click here If you wish to make a simple donation, or donate in honor or in memory of a Servicewoman, please choose one of the following:.
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You are donating to: The Women's Memorial. If you wish to register a Servicewoman please click here If you wish to make a simple donation, or donate in honor or in memory of a Servicewoman, please choose one of the following: Simple Donation Donate in Honor of Donate In Memory of To send a notification of your donation, please enter the name and address if known of individual being honored:.
Some sections of interest include:. The Valley of the Shadow is a digital archive of primary sources that document the lives of people in Augusta County, Virginia, and Franklin County, Pennsylvania, during the era of the American Civil War. Mohr, editor, Richard E.
Female Soldiers in the Civil War | American Battlefield Trust
Transcription and scanned images of the original manuscript diary held in the Alderman Library at the University of Virginia. Civil War Reminiscences by Catharine Hunsecker Transcription of a narrative which gives some general information about Hunsecker's life, but mainly focuses on the events of the Civil War and the effect it had on her community in Franklin County, PA. Memoir of Alansa Rounds Sterrett, c. Sterrett, a friend of Hotchkiss' and a Confederate cavalry officer. Transcription of original diary provided by the Atlanta History Center.
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Part of their on-line collection of Civil War Love Letters. Site includes links to several WPA memoirs of South Carolina women during the war, detailed information about fashion and fabrics of the times, and a bibliography of suggested readings.
The website is under construction but an old version can be found through Internet Archive. Louis Produced by a women's Civil War reenacting group, this site provides a history of the LUAS which contains excerpts from original documents related to the creation and work of the Society. Includes references to specific women such as Anna Clapp and Jesse Freement, but also illustrates the work of the many unnamed women who aided soldiers. Also has a bibliography for further reading. Primary Source Databases Subscription databases, microfilm collections, and published primary sources complement Special Collections holdings of primary sources.
Duke materials are in Series H. Report a problem.